What is Black Cohosh Extract?
Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa, black bugbane, black snakeroot, fairy candle; syn. Cimicifuga racemosa) is a species of flowering plant of the family Ranunculaceae. It is native to eastern North America from the extreme south of Ontario to central Georgia, and west to Missouri and Arkansas. It grows in a variety of woodland habitats, and is often found in small woodland openings. The roots and rhizomes have long been used medicinally by Native Americans. Extracts from these plant materials are thought to possess analgesic, sedative, and anti-inflammatory properties.
Today, black cohosh extracts are being studied as effective treatments for symptoms associated with menopause.
Health Benefits of Black Cohosh Extract Triterpene Glycosides
Let’s look at the health benefits linked to black cohosh due to its anti-inflammatory, sedative, and analgesic properties. The components of the herb mirror the effects of naturally produced estrogen and serotonin. It is also found to have tannins, isoflavones, triterpenes, and essential fatty acids.
Please note that while some of the following benefits have been backed by scientific evidence, results have been mixed. It is always best to consult with your doctor before taking any medicinal herb.
Black cohosh menopause effects are primarily responsible for the herb’s popularity in the last century. Research has found the estrogen-like response in black cohosh increases the low levels of estrogen most menopausal women experience. For this reason, it is believed to act as a natural hormone replacement. Studies have also credited the root with treating several menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes.
The University of Maryland Medical Center cites a study following 120 menopausal women taking black cohosh supplements. It found the herb was more beneficial than the prescribed antidepressant fluoxetine, also known as Prozac, in controlling hot flashes and night sweats. Along with other studies, some researchers believe the plant extract can be a safe alternative to medical hormone replacement therapy and also help with sleeping issues in menopausal women.
It should be noted that not all professional research groups agree on the long-term effects of the herb with menopausal symptoms. Many advise use of the herb for short-term periods only. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) acknowledges the menopausal benefits but cautions the results of some studies beyond the six-month period.
2. Menstrual Cycle
Premenstrual symptoms and irregular periods may be treated with black cohosh extract. Studies suggest it allows muscles to relax, easing tension that causes muscle cramps. Black cohosh extract may also help encourage bleeding in those who have irregular periods.
3. Spasmodic Pain
The ancient use of the herb was primarily to treat pain from nerve tension, muscle strain, and injuries. It has been used to help ease muscle tension and ensure nerve function by preventing spasms and cramping.
Inflammation of body tissue may be treated and possibly prevented with regular use of black cohosh. It contains salicylic acid that some say can replace the use of aspirin for headaches and body pains. Arthritis patients may find less joint pain and inflammation with the use of the natural alternative. Other anti-inflammatory uses may include high blood pressure, congestion, sore throats, cardiovascular disease, and blood clot prevention.
Black cohosh extract has been credited with helping digestive issues by increasing the function of nutrient absorption and promoting regular waste removal. With these abilities, you may have less cramping, constipation, nausea, bloating, and gas build-up.
Black cohosh is used by many for pain management as it has natural analgesic properties.
For times when daily worries rob us of sleep, black cohosh may help. As a natural sedative, herbalists believe this herb relaxes the tension from anxiety, insomnia, and stress to promote a sound sleep. It may assist in creating a regular sleep routine. The powerful components call for the plant to be used on its own— not in conjunction with other sleep aids.
As shown in studies of menopause hormone effects, black cohosh may balance hormones. This may aid in the release and management of hormones for a stable mood, preventing mood swings. As such, it is thought to help with cases of depression and tension from stress.
9. Weight Loss
The possible black cohosh weight loss effects vary depending on the study. As the body increases fat cell production for estrogen access when estrogen levels drop during menopause, it is thought some women gain weight during this time. Those taking it have shown weight loss during this time. Weight loss at any time in life can help prevent high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stroke.
The National Institutes of Health’s Office of Dietary Supplements counters with the caution that black cohosh may cause weight gain in some women. Web MD supports this opinion.
There is research into the benefits of using black cohosh for reducing effects of osteoporosis, mainly bone loss. The biological components and phytoestrogens of the herb are studied to be used in treatment for this condition.
Dosage of Black Cohosh Extract Triterpene Glycosides
On the basis of clinical studies, to manage symptoms of menopause, the current recommended dose is a 40% to 60% ethanol or isopropanol black cohosh extract in a daily dose of 40 to 80 mg standardized to contain 1 mg of the triterpene 27-deoxyactein per 20 mg tablet. Therapeutic effects generally begin after 2 weeks, with maximum effects usually within 8 weeks
Potential Side Effects Of Black Cohosh Extract Triterpene Glycosides
Black cohosh extract is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth appropriately by adults for up to one year.
Black cohosh extract can cause some mild side effects such as stomach upset, cramping, headache, rash, a feeling of heaviness, vaginal spotting or bleeding, and weight gain.
There is also some concern that black cohosh may be associated with liver damage. It is not known for sure if black cohosh actually causes liver damage. Researchers are studying this. Until more is known, people who take black cohosh should watch for symptoms of liver damage. Some symptoms that may suggest liver damage are yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), unusual fatigue, or dark urine. If these symptoms develop, black cohosh should be stopped and a health provider should be contacted. People who take black cohosh should talk with their health provider about getting tests to make sure their liver is working well.
Certificate of Analysis
|Particle size||100% pass 80 mesh||USP32<786>||Complies|
|Loss on Drying||≤5.0%||Eur.Ph.6.0[2.8.17]||Complies|
|Solvents Residue||Meet Eur.Ph6.0<5.4>||Eur.Ph 6.0<2.4.24>||Complies|
|Total bacterial count||≤1000cfu/g||USP30<61>||Complies|
|Yeast & mold||≤100cfu/g||USP30<61>||Complies|
Flowchart of Production
Package for Black Cohosh Extract Triterpene Glycosides
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